Results for - Women Inventors ** While many women inventors were not properly recognized for their innovation during their lifetime, we give them the proper acknowledgment they deserve now.

2,464 voters participated in this survey

This popular board game was designed by Elizabeth Magie in 1904, originally called the Landlord's Game. The purpose of this game was to expose the injustices of unchecked capitalism. Her game was ripped off by Charles Darrow who sold it to Parker Brother's 30 years later. When the Parker Brothers accountants closed the books on 1936, 1,810,000 copies of all editions had been sold and the firm had earned an unprecedented $1,000,000 profit However Parker Brothers later paid Elizabeth $500 for her game.

1. Love it or hate it, cheat at it or play fairly, Monopoly is one of the most popular board games of all time. For many families, it's the go-to game during national holidays and Christmas and a source of intense rivalry between siblings and parents the world over. For many decades the game has been attributed to Charles Darrow but this commonly held belief was challenged in the 1970s. Research during a lawsuit at the time revealed that one Elizabeth J. Magie appears to have created the game at least 30 years before Charles' patent in 1935. Later the same year the Parker brothers learned that Darrow was not the sole inventor of the game and bought out all other existing patents, including Magie's 1924 one for a flat $500 fee. They also acquired all other copyrights and other commercial variants of the game to secure its undisputed ownership of its intellectual property. Do you think the Parker Brothers should have paid Elizabeth Magie more fairly once they had proof she invented the game?

Yes
63%
1,510 votes
No
7%
175 votes
Undecided
17%
399 votes
Not Applicable
13%
316 votes

2. The fire escape was invented by Anna Connelly in 1887. The lifesaving Life Raft was invented by Maria Beasely in 1882. (Maria also invented a machine that makes barrels) Margaret Knight invented a machine that makes square bottomed paper bags in 1871. She almost didn't get credit when Charles Anan tried to steal her work claiming that it wasn't possible for a woman to create this brilliant invention. (Margaret also invented a safety device for cotton mills when she was 12, that invention is still being used today) The ice cream maker was invented by a woman named Nancy Johnson in 1843. Her patented design is still used today! Were you aware of any of these inventors?

Anna Connelly, The Fire Escape
6%
150 votes
Maria Beasely The Life Raft
6%
135 votes
Margaret Knight, The flat bottomed paper bag
5%
121 votes
Nancy Johnson, The Ice Cream Maker
6%
153 votes
Other (please specify)
1%
34 votes
Not Applicable
83%
1,986 votes

3. Kevlar, This life-saving material that is 5 times stronger than steel and used to make bulletproof vests was invented in 1965 by Stephanie Kwolek. Dr Grace Murray Hopper was a computer scientist that invented COBOL which is the first user-friendly business computer software system in the 1940's. She was also a rear admiral in the U.S. navy and the first person to use the term "bug" in reference to a glitch in a computer system when she literally found a bug (moth) causing problems with her computer. Hedy Lamarr, a world famous film star, invented a secret communications system during World War II for radio-controlling torpedoes. This Technology also paved the way for everything from Wi-Fi to GPS. Some of the Telecommunication Technology developed by Dr Shirley Jackson include portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cells, fibre optic cables, and the technology behind caller ID and call waiting, in the 1970s. Were you aware of these female inventors?

Stephanie Kwolek, Kevlar
6%
147 votes
Dr. Grace Murray Hopper, COBOL
7%
176 votes
Hedy Lamar, secret communications system
18%
431 votes
Other (please specify)
1%
28 votes
Not Applicable
71%
1,701 votes
Dr. Shirley Jackson, modern communications technologies
7%
160 votes

4. Bertha Benz, née Cäcilie Bertha Ringer; 3 May 1849 – 5 May 1944) was a German automotive pioneer and inventor. She was the business partner and wife of automobile inventor Carl Benz. On 5 August 1888, she was the first person to drive an internal-combustion-engined automobile over a long distance, field testing the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, inventing brake lining and solving several practical issues during the journey of 105km (65 miles). In doing so, she brought the Patent-Motorwagen worldwide attention and got the company its first sales. Were you aware of Bertha's contribution?

Yes
6%
145 votes
No
59%
1,421 votes
Undecided
6%
141 votes
Not Applicable
29%
693 votes

5. We all owe our thanks to Margaret A Wilcox who invented the car heater in 1893! Wilcox's idea is still the basis for car heaters today, and it was the idea that engineers turned to when they were trying to regulate temperature in the automobile. Early cars were all exposed, with the first enclosed cars hitting the consumer market in 1907. Rudimentary heaters were installed as early as 1917, but it wasn't until Ford started using Wilcox's hot engine air design in 1929 that the cabin actually reached a noticeably warm temperature. Have you seen a Vintage Ford Vehicle?

Yes
44%
1,065 votes
No
25%
601 votes
Undecided
9%
220 votes
Not Applicable
21%
514 votes

6. In 1914, Florence Lawrence invented the automated signal arm. The design was quite simple: when the driver pushed a button, a sign would go up on the bumper to let other drivers know their intention. She even invented a braking system that had a stop sign rise on the bumper when the driver would push on the brake. Dorothy Levitt had invented the rearview mirror, five years before it's adoption as a standard part of an auto in 1905. June McCarroll is credited by the California Department of Transportation with the idea of delineating highways with a painted line to separate lanes of highway traffic, in 1917. Were you aware of these Women Inventors?

Florence Lawrence, signal arm and stop sign
5%
131 votes
Dorothy Levitt, rearview mirror
6%
149 votes
June McCarroll, lane separation, painting lines on the road
6%
136 votes
Other (please specify)
1%
29 votes
Not Applicable
85%
2,049 votes

7. Katherine Burr Blodgett (1898-1979) was a woman of many firsts. She was the first female scientist hired by General Electric's Research Laboratory in Schenectady, New York (1917) as well as the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in Physics from Cambridge University (1926). She was the first woman to receive the Photographic Society of America Award, and the American Chemical Society honored her with the Francis P. Garvin Medal. Her most notable discovery was in how to produce non-reflective glass. Were you aware of Katharine Blodgett and her accomplishments?

Yes
6%
133 votes
No
60%
1,441 votes
Undecided
6%
133 votes
Not Applicable
29%
693 votes
01/29/2022 Education 2464 48 By: fsr1kitty
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By: fsr1kitty
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